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All-Way Entry Pallet - All-way entry pallets are constructed so that a forklift or fork truck can lift them from any side.

Administrator Computer - An administrator computer is used for automatic identification. It can use barcodes or other technology for information.


Bar Coding - Bar codes use a system of scannable printed bars that enables the user to identify a part or parcel. They are used in conjunction with a laser scanner. Bar codes increase accuracy and speed of product identification.

Base - The base is the floor of a container.

Base Pallet - A base pallet forms the base for a larger group of pallets or a larger structure. The term also applies to a randomly selected pallet utilized to determine the strength or durability of a group of pallets.

Belt Conveyor - A belt conveyor is a conveyor that uses belts made from fabric, rubber, plastic, leather, or metal. It can be used to handle bulk materials, packages, and any object placed directly on the belt.

Belt-Driven, Live-Roller Conveyor - A form of powered roller conveyor with a drive motor connected to a wide, flat belt which contacts the underside of the roller surface. This causes the rollers to rotate and move the load. The load is placed directly on the belt that is supported by the rollers.

Bin - A bin is a box or container used to store or ship goods.

Bin Pallet - A bin pallet is a bin mounted on a pallet base, with or without a cover. Bin pallets are also called box pallets or container bin pallet.

Block Pallet - A block pallet is designed with blocks of material between the pallet decks or beneath the top deck that serve as strengtheners and posts

Blow-Molded Pallet - A blow-molded pallet is manufactured by heating a plastic material and extruding it into tubing. A section is cut to the desired length to create a hollow tube that is then introduced into a mold cavity. Air is introduced into the tube to inflate it until it conforms to the geometry of the mold. When the part is fully formed and cooled, it is released from the mold for secondary operations such as machining and trimming

Bulk Container - A bulk container is a shipping container that can hold free-flowing dry cargo such as cement, grains, and ores. Bulk Delivery Exchange Cart Exchange Cart - Bulk delivery exchange carts have an open front and adjustable shelves or wire bins. This make these carts quick to load and unload, and keep the contents visible.

Bulk Door - A bulk door is an optional side door that allows contents in the bottom of a bulk container to be reached or small parts to be discharged.

Bulk Storage - Bulk storage is storing materials and packages in larger quantities, usually in the original packaging or shipping containers or boxes.

Bulk Transfer Cart - Bulk transfer carts have a convenient front cut out that makes it easy to load and unload. They are ideal for soiled linens and other bulky items. An optional spring lift raises the load to make bending unnecessary.


Captive Pallet - A captive pallet is designed for and dedicated to a specific process, system, or facility. It is not meant to be exchanged.

Collapsible Container - A collapsible container can be folded, disassembled or dismantled into separate pieces to save storage or transport space. They can be reassembled or unfolded for use.

Collapsible Pallet Container - Collapsible pallet containers have a built-in pallet and sidewalls that can be folded down for storage.

Compression-Molded Pallet - In compression molding, molten plastic is placed in an open mold, which is then closed. Pressure is applied which forces the plastic material to flow and fill the mold cavity.

Corrugated Plastic - Corrugated plastic has twin walls and a rippled layer of plastic between. It is rigid and tough but lightweight, and can be cut with a craft knife.

Cross Docking - Cross docking is the process of moving merchandise from the receiving dock to shipping without moving it into a storage location first.


Deflection - Deflection refers to the amount of deformation or bending that occurs in a pallet or pallet component under load.

Detachable Frame Pallet - A detachable frame pallet has a frame or superstructure that is removable.

Double-Deck Pallet - A double-deck pallet is constructed of both a top and bottom deck or deck boards.

Double-Drop Door Cart - Double-Drop Door Carts have a door that can be raised or lowered incrementally. These carts increase capacity while decreasing load and unload times. Raise the door while full, and lower to avoid excessive bending and reaching when loading and unloading.


End/Side Edge Load Capacity - The edge load capacity is the maximum amount of static load that can be applied to the edge of a platform (end or side) when the lift is in a raised position.

Enviro Cart - Enviro carts are a specialized form of sorting cart that is designed specifically for sorting recyclables. They have individual removable, color-coded compartments that can be used to separate glass, metal and paper items for recycling.

Euro Pallet - The euro pallet is the standard pallet used in Europe. It is 1200 mm by 800 mm. The wood block design between the top and bottom permits four-way or four-sided entrance by lifting forks.

Exchange Pallet - An exchange pallet is used by several shippers. As the load of the pallet changes ownership, the pallet exchanges ownership as well.

Expendable Pallet - An expendable pallet is used for one transaction. It is not expected to be returned.

Export Pallets - Export pallets are lightweight, inexpensive pallets intended for one way use. Plastic pallets are ideal for export pallets because they don't need to be heat treated, fumigated, or certified that they are free of insects and larvae.


Fixed Wall Container - Fixed Wall Pallet Containers have non-collapsible sidewalls. The base and sidewalls are all one piece. They are ideal for high weight, low volume requirements.

Flush Pallet - A flush pallet is constructed without overhangs. Both top and bottom decks fit flush with the stringers on all sides.

Folding Container - Folding containers are constructed so the sides and ends can be folded to make a flat, compact unit for storage.

Fork Entry - Fork entry is the opening between decks, beneath the top deck or beneath the stringer notch, that allows entry by the forks on a forklift.

Four-Way Block Pallet - A four-way block pallet is accessible to a pallet jack from all four sides.

Four-Way Container - A four way container is accessible from all four sides for storage and retrieval purposes.

Four-Way Fork Entry - Four-way entry describes openings on all four sides of a pallet or the base of a pallet container that allow fork truck handling from any side.

Four-Way Pallet - A four-way pallet has openings that allow forks of a lift to enter the pallet from any side.

Four-Way Stringer Pallet - A pallet with notched stringers that allow four-way insertion of forks from a forklift.

Full-Perimeter Pallet - A pallet with a block design that incorporates deck boards and stringer in the same plane. This configuration results in the formation of a complete framework on both ends and both sides.


GMA Pallet (Grocery Manufacturers of America) - A pallet whose dimensions are 48"x40", is made of hardwood, and is forkliftable from all four sides. Manufactured to GMA requirements.

General Purpose Pallet - A general purpose pallet is designed and constructed for general use and is returnable. Most general purpose pallets are double decked.


HDPE - High Density Polyethylene

H-Rack - H-Racks have two parallel racks with a cross bar holding them together, making an H-shape. H-Racks offer convenient, customizable solutions for garment display, sorting and storage. Modular H-Racks are available with a wide variety of configurations, and offer a double row of hanging space


IBC/Intermediate Bulk Container - An Intermediate bulk container (IBC) is a container used for transport and storage of fluids and bulk materials. The construction of the IBC container and the materials used are chosen depending on the application.

Injection-Molded Container/ Injection Molded Pallet - In injection molding, plastic pellets are poured into a hopper at the top of a machine and forced along a horizontal chamber or "barrel" of an extruder by the rotation of a screw. As it moves through the barrel the plastic material is heated, so when it reaches an open cavity, it is a molten mass. The mold is closed and pressure is applied to form the container to the shape of the mold.

Insulated Container - Insulated bulk boxes and containers have double walls with foam in-between, to keep temperatures stable even below freezing. They are used for storing and transporting products that need to stay frozen for extended periods of time. They can be used for shipping, storage and distribution of ice cream, frozen food, pharmaceuticals, dry ice pellet and dry ice block.


Laundry Cart - Laundry carts are bulk rolling carts that are constructed to be leak proof, sanitary and easy to clean


Molded Pallet - A molded pallet is formed in a mold from plastic, wood particles, or wood flakes.

Multiple-Trip Pallet - A multiple-trip pallet is intended for reuse in multiple trips and transports.


Nestable Pallets - Nestable pallets fit inside each other when you are not using them. With a nesting ratio as much as 4 to 1, nestable plastic pallets can maximize your warehouse floor space.

Nesting Container - Nesting containers fit inside each other when you are not using them, saving warehouse and return-transport space.


Pallet - A pallet is a platform used to stack items for storage or transport.

Pallet Container - Pallet Containers are heavy duty plastic containers for industrial applications. Essentially, they are large folding plastic boxes used to hold bulk materials or manufactured parts. The sides of the plastic box can be released and collapsed into a compact and stackable unit. When the sides of the folding bulk container are up, several bulk containers can be stacked on top of each other, while protecting the product within the container.

Pallet Dimensions - The measurement points to determine a pallet's dimensions are:
Length = distance between pallet ends (inclusive of overhang) and parallel to the stringer(s).
Width = distance between pallet sides at right angles to the pallet length inclusive of any overhang.
Height = distance from the outer edges of the bottom deck boards to the outer edges of the top deck board.
Pallet dimensions are generally shown in inches.

Pallet Dispenser / Pallet Feeder - A pallet feeder is a device used for feeding empty pallets. It is often known as a pallet dispenser.

Pallet Double Wing - A pallet double wing has the top deck extending out from two opposite sides.

Pallet Exchange Program - In a pallet exchange program, several shippers and receivers will agree to exchange pallets with each party assuming responsibility for the total inventory of pallets. These parties exchange pallets on a one-for-one basis with each transaction recorded and documented.

Pallet Length - The first dimension stated in categorizing or describing a pallet

Pallet Life - The usable life of a pallet. Pallet life can be expressed either in time or in the number of trips that the pallet has been in service.

Pallet Pattern - A pallet pattern is the layer-by-layer arrangement or pattern of boxes or cartons as they are placed on a pallet.

Pallet Performance - The performance of a pallet as expressed in terms of durability, stability (lateral), degree of stiffness or rigidity, and strength.

Pallet Rack - A single or multi-level structural storage system that allows high stacking of single items or palletized loads.

Pallet Truck - A pallet truck is a manually powered fork truck. The operator physically pushes the forks into the opening on the pallet and "jacks" the ratcheting lift mechanism to raise the pallet off the floor.

Pallet-Stacking Frame - A pallet stacking frame is a load-securing device that can often take the place of containers or bins. This device consists on iron posts and connecting frame members that rest on the four corners of a pallet, creating an open container. The frames are removable for storage. When in use, the loaded pallets can be block stacked on the floor. This is a particular advantage for unit loads that would not stack safely without the rigid frame.

Palletizer - Palletizers are machines capable of building a complete unit load on a pallet. Although the most common application is for cases, some palletizers can also handle sacks and bags. A less common palletizer application would be for special products such as sheet stock. There are two general methods employed for automatically building a full pallet. One uses a fixed position or overhead gantry robot with end effectors suited to the individual loads, such as vacuum lifts or a gripper. The other method employs more complex mechanisms for forming pallet layers off line, one at a time, and then shifting or transferring each successive layer onto the pallet as it is lowered via a lift/lower table.

Picker Pallet - A picker pallet has a center stringer or block which can be grabbed by a center clamp to steady the pallet, enabling goods to be stacked on it at an elevated height.

Portable Rack - A portable rack is a self-contained steel units made up of bases and/or decks and posts. A portable rack may be either welded or collapsible.

Push-Back Rack - A push-back rack has wheels that allow palletized goods and materials to be pushed up a gently graded ramp. Stored materials are allowed to flow down the ramp to the aisle. This rack configuration allows for deep storage at each rack level.


Rackable Pallets - Rackable pallets are designed to work in a warehouse racking system. They are usually extremely sturdy, and can be used with most automated handling equipment.

Rack - A rack is a single- or multi-level structural storage system that allows high stacking of single items or palletized loads

Rental Pallet - A rental pallet is owned by someone other than the actual user, who rents its use.

Returnable Plastic Container - Returnable plastic containers are collapsible, hand-held plastic containers used mostly for produce handling in closed-loop packaging systems.

Returnable/Reusable Pallet - Returnable pallets are intended to be used for more than one trip, saving on money and resources.

Reusable Plastic Container - Reusable plastic containers are storage or transport containers made of durable molded plastic and intended to be used more than once.

Reversible Pallet - A reversible pallet is designed so that both the top and bottom deck boards can be used as load bearing members.

Rigid Container - A rigid wire, steel or plastic container has a rigid structural framework for strength and stiffness. It cannot be folded flat.


Single-Deck Pallet - A single-deck pallet has only one load-bearing deck.

Skid - A skid is a pallet without a bottom deck. The top deck is supported by blocks and stringers.

Slave Pallet - A slave pallet is a pallet used in an automated rack system.

Sleeve Pack - Sleeve container systems are essentially a bottom pallet and top cover, with a corrugated plastic sleeve. They are light weight, and save storage space when not in use because the sleeve is collapsible.

Solid-deck Pallet - A solid deck pallet has a completely flat deck with no perforations, grill or slats.

Sorting Cart - Sorting carts have individual, removable compartments that can be used for sorting parts, laundry or other bulk items. The compartments are color coded for easy identification.

Stack and Nest - Stack and Nest containers are stackable when full and nestable when empty. This is accomplished by an asymmetrical design; when the totes are lined up in the same direction, the ribs of the top tote slide into the ribs of the one below for nesting. When the top tote is rotated 180°, the staggered design makes the rib of one tote line up with the post of the other so that the totes can be stacked.

Stackable Pallets - Stackable pallets are pallets able to be placed one on top of another fully loaded. A stackable pallet is designed so the bottom pallet can handle the full static load, when loaded pallets are stacked 2 or more high.

Stack-Only Container - A stack-only container has self-supporting, straight walls which can support the total weight of several stacked containers.

Static Load - Static load is the amount of weight a pallet or container can hold without it being moved.

Straight-Wall Container - A straight wall container has walls without ridges or perforations.

Strapping - Strapping is a method of stabilizing and securing a load by wrapping or tying. Loads and packages can be strapped with a variety of materials including cold-rolled, low- and medium carbon steel; hot-rolled, high-tension steel; polyester; nylon; and polypropylene. Each of these materials has special properties that need to be closely matched to the load requirement.

Structural Foam-Molded Pallet - Structural foam molding is a variation of injection-molding, A blowing agent is introduced to and mixed thoroughly through the plastic prior to its injection into the mold cavities. The heating process activates the blowing agent and creates a cellular structure, or bubbles, within the molten material. This cellular structure saves on raw material and produces a part with an elevated strength-to-weight ratio.

Sustainable Packaging - Sustainable packaging, or sustainable containers, are designed to optimize material and energy use. They are made of renewable or recycled materials, and can be recycled at the end of product life.


Throwaway Pallet - A throwaway pallet is meant for one use only, after which it is discarded.

Tilt Truck - Tilt trucks have a wide mouth and low profile for easy loading. They tilt for dumping. Tilt trucks are ideal for easily transporting and dumping waste, scrap and recyclables.

Tote - A tote or tote box is a handheld crate that can be used for transporting, organization or storage.

Two-Way Pallet - A two-way pallet is constructed with stringers without notches, so that fork tines can be inserted only from the two open ends. Type I Pallet: Single-faced, non-reversible pallet. Type II Pallet: Double-faced, flush-stringer or block, non-reversible pallet. Type III Pallet: Double-faced, flush-stringer or block, reversible pallet. Type IV Pallet: Double-faced, single-wing, non-reversible pallet. Type V Pallet: Single-faced, single-wing, non reversible pallet. Type VI Pallet: Double-faced, double-wing, reversible pallet.


Uniformly Distributed Load - The per-square-inch weight of the pallet load does not vary from one point to another on the pallet. Indicates that the load on a pallet is evenly distributed. Any static load that is evenly distributed over the entire surface of the rack deck. A load, as on a shelf, or pair of load beams, supported by all, or nearly all of the shelf or beam supporting surfaces


Z-Rack - Z-Racks have a unique z-shape base that allows racks to nest and save floor space. They are used for garment display, transport and storage.